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Tag: climatechange

The Role of AI in Combating Climate Change

Climate Change presents a global problem for our generation and the generations that will follow us. The Earth’s abundance has limits and Mother Nature will bend and stretch to provide for her inhabitants, but it may come at a cost. As our society presents advancement after advancement in technology, medicine, and industry, we can harness these investments to reduce the reflexive impact on the environment. At DataRobot, our engineers and data scientists are…… Read more...

Working Smarter: Leveraging Machine Learning to Optimize CO2 Adsorption

Scientists employ artificial intelligence to guide the design of biomass waste-derived novel materials for CO2 capture

Biomass waste can be used to produce porous carbons capable of sequestering CO2 gas emitted from large point sources (e.g., power plants, cement industries). However, there are no general guidelines on how such high-quality porous carbons should be synthesized or their optimal operational conditions. In a recent study, scientists employed machine learning-based method to determine which core factors should be prioritized in biomass waste-derived porous carbons to achieve the best CO2 adsorption performance, paving the way to a circular economy.

If we are to mitigate climate change, we must find cost-effective and sustainable ways to reduce industrial carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions.… Read more...

A ‘supplement’ for bees could save colonies from a deadly virus

We all know that we need to save the bees. There are many reasons for why their numbers are in decline, from climate change-induced temperature rises killing bumblebee colonies around the world, to pesticides contaminating their food and causing…

Continue reading:
https://www.sciencefocus.com/news/a-supplement-for-bees-could-save-colonies-from-a-deadly-virus/

Source:
BBC Science Focus MagazineRead more...

Toilet-Training Cows is No Bull

Human activity may be the main cause of climate change, but all these cows milling and mooing about don’t help, either. Everyone knows that cows produce methane-laden flatulence, but there’s another problem — their urine contains ammonia. The nitrogen leeches into the soil and turns into nitrous oxide, which is no laughing matter. So what’s the answer, giant diapers? No, just train them to use a toilet instead of the soil-let.

A pair of researchers from the University of Auckland traveled to a research institute’s farm in Germany with the hope of training a group of 16 calves to do their business in a special pen.

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Bewilderment review: Big ideas of AI, climate change and neuroscience crowd this small yet elegant canvas – Independent.ie

Bewilderment Richard Powers Hutchinson Heinemann, €14.99

Richard Powers’ novel Bewilderment, which was shortlisted for the Booker prize last Tuesday, begins with a father and son pondering the stars on a camping trip. The dialogue is back and forth, question followed by answer. This can be a highly effective narrative technique: the novelist gets that ultimate springboard, a child’s curiosity, undimmed by knowledge and its disenchantments.

It’s not hard to see why this would appeal to Powers. His narrators are almost always scientists of some kind or another, and they love to explain things. No exception, Bewilderment is told from the perspective of Theo Byrne, a young astrobiologist whose son’s innocent but probing questions justify elaborate digressions on some of the more esoteric aspects of his academic field.

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A start-up hopes to stop hurricanes by blowing bubbles in the ocean

Of the many, serious, problems posed by climate change, rising sea temperatures have the potential to be the most catastrophic. Warmer oceans mean rising sea levels, melting ice caps and more extreme weather events, among them hurricanes.

But a Norwegian company claims to have a way to mitigate that last one, by blowing bubbles.

OceanTherm, founded by Olav Hollingsæter, a former naval officer, is developing a system that uses bubbles to cool the surface temperature of the sea by drawing up cold water from the oceans’ depths.

Hurricanes are created when hot and cold air meet over warm ocean waters of 26.5°C or above.

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Climate change threatens base of polar oceans' bountiful food webs

The cold polar oceans give rise to some of the largest food webs on Earth. And at their base are microscopic, photosynthetic algae. But human-induced climate change, a new study suggests, is displacing these important cold-water communities of algae with warm-adapted ones, a trend that threatens to destabilize the delicate marine food web and change the oceans as we know them.

At the base of marine food webs are microscopic photosynthesizing organisms called phytoplankton (from the Greek phyto for ‘plant’ and planktos for ‘wanderer’). But they vary across the global ocean. Phytoplankton communities in warmer waters, including the tropics, tend to be dominated by prokaryotes (microorganisms without a defined nucleus).

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WATCH: COVID19/11 – Elizabeth Woodworth

Episode Six of Narratives Intertwined features Elizabeth Woodworth, author and former chief medical librarian for British Colombia.

Elizabeth is author of several articles and books, including 9/11 Unmasked: An International Review Panel Investigation (with Dr David Ray Griffin) and Unprecedented Crime: Climate Change Denial and Game Changers for Survival (with Dr Peter Carter).

In her interview she discusses how she woke up to the reality of 9/11 and how potential treatments for Covid19 were discredited in order to force through the emergency use authorization of the Covid mRNA “vaccines”.

You can follow Elizabeth on twitter here and read her article on hyrdoxychloroquine here.
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RENCI Collaboration to Leverage AI and ML for DOE Workflows – HPCwire

Sept. 10, 2021 — The Department of Energy (DOE) advanced Computational and Data Infrastructures (CDIs) – such as supercomputers, edge systems at experimental facilities, massive data storage, and high-speed networks – are brought to bear to solve the nation’s most pressing scientific problems, including assisting in astrophysics research, delivering new materials, designing new drugs, creating more efficient engines and turbines, and making more accurate and timely weather forecasts and climate change predictions.

Increasingly, computational science campaigns are leveraging distributed, heterogeneous scientific infrastructures that span multiple locations connected by high-performance networks, resulting in scientific data being pulled from instruments to computing, storage, and visualization facilities.

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Human-led, Tech-powered: The Formula For Successful Business Transformation – Forbes India

Image: Shutterstock

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“The world as we have created it is a process of our thinking. It cannot be changed without changing our thinking.” ― Albert Einstein

From the invention of the wheel to the advent of virtual reality, the evolution of our society has been predicated on the power of human ingenuity, curiosity and imagination. For thousands of years, people have been thinking of ways and means to keep themselves safe, simplify and improvise traditional ways of doing things, to drive efficiency and evolve. Today, as our post-pandemic society is confronted with a number of challenges, including wealth disparities, lack of social consciousness, climate change, imbalances in the global economy due to increasing localisation, and declining trust between people and the entire ecosystem, we are on the cusp of change.

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WATCH: Go Forth and Multiply

Do you think the world is overpopulated? Are you worried that having a baby would contribute to climate change? Deep down, do you hate humanity?

If so, then it’s time to stop swallowing the propaganda of the anti-human death cult and to realize that creation is our ultimate act of rebellion against the elitists and eugenicists.

For sources and shownotes – plus download links and an audio-only version – click here. Previous entries in the #SolutionsWatch series can be found here and here.

can you spare $1.00 a month to support independent media

Unlike the Guardian we are NOT funded by Bill & Melinda Gates, or any other NGO or government.

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The warming climate is causing animals to 'shapeshift'

Climate change is not only a human problem; animals have to adapt to it as well. Some “warm-blooded” animals are shapeshifting and getting larger beaks, legs, and ears to better regulate their body temperatures as the planet gets hotter. Bird researcher Sara Ryding of Deakin University in Australia describes these changes in a review published September 7th in the journal Trends in Ecology and Evolution.

“A lot of the time when climate change is discussed in mainstream media, people are asking ‘can humans overcome this?’, or ‘what technology can solve this?’. It’s high time we recognized that animals also have to adapt to these changes, but this is occurring over a far shorter timescale than would have occurred through most of evolutionary time,” says Ryding.

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The ‘melancholic joy’ of living in our brutal, beautiful world | Psyche Ideas

It’s a challenging time to be an optimist. Climate change is widespread, rapid and intensifying. The threat of nuclear war is more complex and unpredictable than ever. Authoritarianism is resurgent. And these dangers were present even before we…

Continue reading:
https://psyche.co/ideas/the-melancholic-joy-of-living-in-our-brutal-beautiful-world?utm_source=rss-feed

Source:
Psyche | on the human conditionRead more...

Volcanic eruptions may have spurred first 'whiffs' of oxygen in Earth's atmosphere

A new analysis of 2.5-billion-year-old rocks from Australia finds that volcanic eruptions may have stimulated population surges of marine microorganisms, creating the first puffs of oxygen into the atmosphere. This would change existing stories of Earth’s early atmosphere, which assumed that most changes in the early atmosphere were controlled by geologic or chemical processes.

Though focused on Earth’s early history, the research also has implications for extraterrestrial life and even climate change. The study led by the University of Washington, the University of Michigan and other institutions was published in August in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

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Avalo uses machine learning to accelerate the adaptation of crops to climate change

Climate change is affecting farming all over the world, and solutions are seldom simple. But if you could plant crops that resisted the heat, cold or drought instead of moving a thousand miles away, wouldn’t you? Avalo helps plants like these become a reality using AI-powered genome analysis that can reduce the time and money it takes to breed hardier plants for this hot century.

Founded by two friends who thought they’d take a shot at a startup before committing to a life of academia, Avalo has a very direct value proposition, but it takes a bit of science to understand it.

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Florida Hacks with IBM

Join the Florida Hacks with IBM virtual hackathon and create a project to tackle sustainability challenges. IBM will provide mentorship and data sets to help bring your ideas to life.

Sponsored Post.

As the world evolves, there are significant observable effects of climate change on the environment. Glaciers are melting and shrinking, sea levels are rising, the oceans are warming, and droughts are becoming more frequent and severe.

The University of Florida, IBM, and the Florida Tech Council are looking for people who want to be part of the solution.

At this hackathon, we are asking you to combat climate change and create solutions that make a difference while utilizing IBM technologies, AI/ML, and/or responsible AI.

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The IPCC Report & the Pivot from Covid to Climate

Kit Knightly

The latest IPCC report on climate change was released last week, and has signalled a sea-change in the ongoing “big issue”. The Pandemic was fun while it lasted, but it’s time it faded back and we got on with the next stage.

That’s not just my interpretation either, they are quite literally saying it themselves.

Usually, when there’s a big narrative shift looming, you can find one key article that tells you everything you need to know about the plan. For the IPCC report, it’s this iNews article by Andrew Marr. Where he literally uses the phrase “hinge to climate from Covid” several times:

There is a great turn coming, a change in the terms of political debate, a period of hinge.

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Climate change widespread, rapid, and intensifying: IPCC

Scientists are observing changes in the Earth’s climate in every region and across the whole climate system, according to the latest Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Report, released today. Many of the changes observed in the climate are unprecedented in thousands, if not hundreds of thousands of years, and some of the changes already set in motion — such as continued sea level rise — are irreversible over hundreds to thousands of years.

However, strong and sustained reductions in emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) and other greenhouse gases would limit climate change. While benefits for air quality would come quickly, it could take 20-30 years to see global temperatures stabilize, according to the IPCC Working Group I report, Climate Change 2021: the Physical Science Basis, approved on Friday by 195 member governments of the IPCC, through a virtual approval session that was held over two weeks starting on July 26.

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Major Atlantic ocean current system might be approaching critical threshold

The major Atlantic ocean current, to which also the Gulf stream belongs, may have been losing stability in the course of the last century. This is shown in a new study published in Nature Climate Change. The Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation, or AMOC, transports warm water masses from the tropics northward at the ocean surface and cold water southward at the ocean bottom, which is most relevant for the relatively mild temperatures in Europe. Further, it influences weather systems worldwide. A potential collapse of this ocean current system could therefore have severe consequences.

“The Atlantic Meridional Overturning really is one of our planet’s key circulation systems,” says the author of the study, Niklas Boers from the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, Freie Universität Berlin and Exeter University.

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If Society Is In Danger Of Collapse, Here’s How We Should Do Our Bit

If you’ve been following the news, you can’t have missed the series of floods, droughts, and wildfires that have occurred seemingly in all corners of the world. Coming on the heels of a Northern Hemisphere winter that had its own extreme weather events, it would be perhaps foolhardy not to by now take climate change seriously. You may also have seen the news about a return to a 1970s paper in which MIT crystal-ball-gazers predicted the collapse of our civilisation in the mid-21st century, and a review based upon the empirical data gathered since then which concluded that we could be right on track with that prediction set to happen in about 2040.… Read more...

Climate change to bring more intense storms across Europe

Climate change is driving a large increase in intense, slow-moving storms, a new study by Newcastle University and the Met Office has found.

Investigating how climate affects intense rainstorms across Europe, climate experts have shown there will be a significant future increase in the occurrence of slow-moving intense rainstorms. The scientists estimate that these slow-moving storms may be 14 times more frequent across land by the end of the century. It is these slow-moving storms that have the potential for very high precipitation accumulations, with devastating impacts, as we saw in Germany and Belgium.

Led by Dr Abdullah Kahraman, of Newcastle University’s School of Engineering, the researchers used very detailed climate model simulations at the UK Met Office Hadley Centre.

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Last ice-covered parts of summertime Arctic Ocean vulnerable to climate change

In a rapidly changing Arctic, one area might serve as a refuge — a place that could continue to harbor ice-dependent species when conditions in nearby areas become inhospitable. This region north of Greenland and the islands of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago has been termed the Last Ice Area. But research led by the University of Washington suggests that parts of this area are already showing a decline in summer sea ice.

Last August, sea ice north of Greenland showed its vulnerability to the long-term effects of climate change, according to a study published July 1 in the open-access journal Communications Earth & Environment.

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How Energy Transition Models Go Wrong

I have written many posts relating to the fact that we live in a finite world. At some point, our ability to extract resources becomes constrained. At the same time, population keeps increasing. The usual outcome when population is too high for resources is “overshoot and collapse.” But this is not a topic that the politicians or central bankers or oligarchs who attend the World Economic Forum dare to talk about.

Instead, world leaders find a different problem, namely climate change, to emphasize above other problems. Conveniently, climate change seems to have some of the same solutions as “running out of fossil fuels.”… Read more...