By Oleksandr Kostikov

Could it be that all AI (artificial intelligence) developers are wrong?

Imagine you have a radio. You use it with ease, and sometimes, you make simple repairs. But what if you want to create a new radio receiver? To do this, you would have to fully understand the design details. You would need to understand not only how the volume control and power supply work, but also where the music comes from.

Likewise, creators of artificial intelligence need to first try to understand how natural intelligence works. Otherwise, instead of a radio, they may end up with a boring and monotonous player.

The main mistake

Everyone thinks that the human brain is a kind of biological computing machine that works according to certain algorithms, and if so, it means that intelligence can be compiled using two simple tools: high computing power and a set of complex algorithms.

In fact, everything is not at all that simple …

Neurophysiologists have thoroughly studied the “reflex,” a stereotypical reaction of a living organism to any external influence. The reflex is not just a scheme of functional activity. It is the basic principle of the organization of any nervous system of a biological type. By itself, it really resembles the principle of the algorithm.

But all this is true only if we are talking about a relatively simple nervous system. With human intelligence, everything is much more complicated.

What is the difference?

Reflex is the standard in neurophysiology. Its basis is the reflex arc, which can be schematically depicted as the response of motor neurons to a stimulus received from sensory neurons. As soon as a stimulus appears, the living organism acts. It is important to understand that the number of neurons participating in the reflex arc and the complexity of the motor reaction do not change the essence of the reflex in any way.

A reflex is always a clear and predetermined sequence: stimulus (neural network) reaction. With the help of a reflex, the nervous system acts according to a pre-selected pattern designed to respond to a specific situation. In other words, a reflex is a kind of stereotype or a tactic of actions within the paradigm of occurring events.

Reflexes in the human brain

artificial neural networks deep learning human brain

The human brain, like the brain of any other living organism, often operates according to the traditional pattern of reflex responses, except in situations where consciousness or intellect is used to…

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