(testing signal)

Month: November 2017

El papel de la deuda en la economía

La deuda es fundamental para hacer funcionar el sistema, aunque los economistas neoclásicos tienden a olvidar su importancia. La deuda trae del futuro la fecha en la que un particular o negocio pueden comprar bienes de capital. La deuda permite a los negocios construir capital sin tener que ahorrarlo previamente de sus operaciones.

La deuda aumenta el precio de las materias primas y commodities, al aumentar su demanda porque hay más gente y negocios que se pueden permitir comprar bienes que las utilizan. Además, la deuda tiende a aumentar el precio de los activos poniendo real estate e inversiones de todo tipo al alcance del público.

Añadir deuda estimula la economía, incluso cuando se hace con un propósito determinado como financiar una guerra.… Read more...

Dinero y Deuda Global

El dinero es deuda creada de la nada por bancos privados, y prestado a nosotros para pagarlo con intereses. La deuda siempre es mayor que el suministro de dinero: es imposible pagar la deuda total y esto garantiza que el sistema siempre esté en deuda.

América tiene una deudanacional de más de 20 trillones. Estos es un incremento casi el 100% desde el principio de la crisis. Y el problema real es el Fiscal Gap, que en estos momentos es de más de 210 trillones, que repartidos entre una población de 315 millones de esclavos fiscales tocan a unos 666.666 dólares por habitante.

La deuda global es de $200 trillones. El PIB mundial es de $60 trillones, del cual ⅓ es público. Si los tipos suben para los otros 40 trillones está por ver lo que puede pasar: 1) O bien no se puede pagar la deuda y es necesario emitir un 40% nueva deuda cada día para pagar intereses 2) Subir los impuestos para pagarlo 3) Crear sobre capacidad mundial en todas las actividades.

Some Notes on Ethereum

Ethereum has lots of potential because of the DAPPS developing on it: success depends precisely on the apps being developed on it. The way the eth network reacted to the DAO attack of 2016 is a good sample of the potential it has.

Ethereum is a software that runs on a distributed network of clients, or node computers. This would be useless on itself, but Ethereum is about a decentralized, trustless BC platform to build decentralized applications over it. This networks is composed of 000s of nodes that verify and secure the BC.

Its the second most successful application of public Blockchains and its Blockchain was launched in 2015 as a Swiss company by crowdfunding.

Ethereum and its Decentralized Virtual Machine (Ethereum Virtual Machine) is mainly used to build and implement smart contracts.… Read more...

Las Dos Tribus

Los medios no han acertado en nada desde hace más de 10 años. Son meras correas de transmisión de mensajes y consignas desde el sistema, orientadas a dirigir y controlar el comportamiento de la gente. Viven de asustar y alienar a la población en torno a política, escándalos, catástrofes, etc.

Se configuran dos tribus, una que sigue consumiendo casi exclusivamente medios de comunicación y redes sociales para informarse. Y una segunda tribu que está desconectándose de todo eso, como de la comida basura (la conexión no es sólo metafórica). Gente que busca y comparte sus propias fuentes de información, y a los que preocupa algo más que el fútbol, las celebrities, o lo que dijo un político ayer por la tarde.

Piensa por ti mismo.… Read more...

How does a DAO work

A group of people writes the code (smart contracts).

There´s an initial funding period in which the people adds funds to the DAO by purchasing tokens that represent ownership. This is called a crowdsale or ICO, and its designed to give it the resources it needs.

When funding period is over, the DAO starts to operate.

People then can make proposals to the DAO on how to spend the money, and the members who have bought it can vote and approve this proposals.

The Split Function

Problem: What if some decision gets approved that someone not liked, how does
he opt out of the DAO then?. Solution: An exit door was created called the “Split Function”. Using this Split function, user would get back the ether that he had invested and, if
he so desires, he could even create his own “Child DAO”.… Read more...

Can Machines be Conscious? Scientists Say Robots Can be Self-Aware, Just Like Humans – Newsweek

In 1974, the American philosopher Thomas Nagel posed the question: What is it like to be a bat? It was the basis of a seminal thesis on consciousness that argued consciousness can not be described by physical processes in the brain.

More than 40 years later, advances in artificial intelligence and neural understanding are prompting a re-evaluation of the claim that consciousness is not a physical process and as such cannot be replicated in robots.

Cognitive scientists Stanislas Dehaene, Hakwan Lau and Sid Kouider posited in a review published last week that consciousness is “resolutely computational” and subsequently possible in machines. The trio of neuroscientists from the Collège de France, University of California and PSL Research University respectively addressed the question of whether machines will ever be conscious in the journal Science.

Read more...

Backpropagation calculus | Chapter 4, Deep learning



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This one is a bit more symbol-heavy, and that’s actually the point. The goal here is to represent in somewhat more formal terms the intuition for how backpropagation works in part 3 of the series, hopefully providing some connection between that video and other texts/code that you come across later.

For more on backpropagation:
http://neuralnetworksanddeeplearning.com/chap2.html
https://github.com/mnielsen/neural-networks-and-deep-learning
http://colah.github.io/posts/2015-08-Backprop/

Music by Vincent Rubinetti:
https://vincerubinetti.bandcamp.com/album/the-music-of-3blue1brown… Read more...